This standard is issued under the fixed designation E92; the number immediately 1 These test methods are under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E28 on. Astm e92 Vickers Hardness of Matallic Materials – Free download as PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. priate safety and health practices and determine the applica- bility of regulatory limitations prior to use. 2. Referenced Documents 2. 1 ASTM Standards.
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However, in practice, the most commonly used force units are kilogram-force kgf and gram-force gf. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
ASTM E92 – 82() Standard Test Method for Vickers Hardness of Metallic Materials
Hence, the Knoop hardness test is very useful for evaluating hardness gradients since Knoop indentations can be made closer together than Vickers indentations by orienting the Knoop indentations with the short diagonals in the direction of the hardness gradient.
When Newton units of force are used, the force must be divided by the conversion factor 9. This rise in hardness number with lower test forces is often more significant when testing higher hardness materials, and is increasingly more significant when using test forces below 50 gf see Test Method E Recommendations for microindentation testing can be found in Test Method E While Committee E28 is primarily concerned with metallic materials, the test procedures described are applicable to other materials.
Standardization of Vickers and Knoop Indenters.
Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. Other materials may require special considerations, for example see C and C for ceramic testing.
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ASTM E92 Standard Test Method for Vickers Hardness of Metallic Materials
Vickers and Knoop Hardness Standardizing Machines. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Today, the hardness numbers are internationally defined in terms of Ee92 units, that is, the test force in Newtons N.
However, because of the historical precedent and continued common usage, force values in gf and kgf units are provided for information and much of the discussion in this standard as well as the method of reporting the test results refers to these units. The Vickers and Knoop hardness numbers were originally defined in terms of the test force in kilogram-force kgf and the surface area or asym area in millimetres squared mm 2.
For isotropic materials, the two diagonals of a Vickers indentation are equal in length. Microindentation 9e2 tests also allow asstm phases or constituents and regions or gradients too small for macroindentation hardness testing to be evaluated.
This standard provides the requirements for Vickers and Knoop hardness machines and the procedures for performing Vickers and Knoop hardness tests. The significant differences between the two tests are the geometries of the respective indenters, the method of calculation of the hardness numbers, and that Vickers hardness may be used at higher force levels than Knoop hardness.
Hardness, although empirical in nature, can be correlated to tensile strength for many metals, and is an indicator of wear resistance and ductility.