Beta-carotene: medium; vitamin E: low; riboflavin: low; folic acid: low; ascorbic acid: medium; calcium: low; iron: medium; protein: %. Young. EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a. Notes. BRIEF DESCRIPTION A beet with large crisp, fleshy leaf stalks and large leaves rather than enlarged roots. USES The midribs of the leaves are eaten.

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Very small flowers sit in one- to three- rarely eight- flowered glomerules in the axils of veta bracts or in the upper half of the inflorescence without bracts.

The origin of the adjective “Swiss” is unclear, since the Mediterranean plant is not native to Switzerland. Cultivars of chard include green forms, such as ‘Lucullus’ and ‘Fordhook Giant’, as well as red-ribbed forms such as ‘Ruby Chard’ and ‘Rhubarb Chard’. Beta vulgaris Beta vulgaris subsp.

The flowers are produced in dense spike-like, basally interrupted inflorescences. A royal decree led to the first factory devoted to sugar extraction from beetroots being opened in KunernSilesia now Konary, Poland in In the cultivars of the Flavescens-Group, the leaf stalks are large and often prepared separately betaa the leaf blade.

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Some of the numerous synonyms are Beta vulgaris subsp.

Beta vulgaris beet is a plant which is included in Betoideae subfamily in the Amaranthaceae family. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong.

Chard (Beta vulgaris var. cicla) – World Vegetable Center

Beetroot cells are quite unstable and will ‘leak’ when cut, heated, or when in contact with air or sunlight. The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited. In Egyptian cuisinechard is commonly cooked with taro root and coriander in a light broth.

Raw beets are added to salads.

Chard ‘Rhubarb Chard’

Views Read Edit View history. Sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp. Leaving the skin on when cooking, however, will maintain the integrity of the cells and therefore minimize leakage.

But, in a diabetic group given chard, the body weight significantly increased in comparison to the diabetic group; maximum reduction in blood glucose levels was observed on the 42nd day.

This is why red beetroots leave a purple stain.

In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so: Yellow-coloured garden beets are grown on a very small scale for home consumption.

Some attribute the name to it having been first described by a Swiss botanist, either Gaspard Bauhin [12] vulgsris Karl Heinrich Emil Koch [13] although the latter was German, not Swiss. Archived from the original PDF on A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilised beets or into pickles.

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File:Chard (Beta vulgaris var cicla).jpg

The word “chard” descends from the fourteenth-century French cardefrom Latin carduus meaning artichoke thistle or cardoonincluding the artichoke. Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. Cornell Garden Based Learning. Betoideae and vulgarie on the taxonomy of Beta ” PDF.

This is called beeturia. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

Chard – Wikipedia

The roots and leaves of the beet have been used in traditional medicine to treat a wide variety of ailments. Beetroot remains have been excavated in the Third dynasty Saqqara pyramid at Thebes, Egyptand four charred beetroots were found in the Neolithic site of Aartswoud in the Netherlands though it vulgariz not been determined whether these were domesticated or wild forms of B. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Chard belongs to the chenopodswhich are now mostly included in the family Amaranthaceae sensu lato.