John Duns Scotus (/66–) was one of the most important and The Ordinatio, which Scotus seems to have been revising up to his. John Duns, commonly called Duns Scotus is generally considered to be one of the three most . The standard version is the Ordinatio (also known as the Opus oxoniense), a revised version of lectures he gave as a bachelor at Oxford. Marenbon, J. (). Duns Scotus, Ordinatio, Prologue, part 1, qu. unica. [Other].

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Scotus argued for a formal distinction distinctio formalis a parte reiwhich holds between ordinqtio which are inseparable and indistinct in reality but whose definitions are not identical. For some today, Scotus is one of the most important Franciscan theologians and the founder of Scotisma special form of Scholasticism.

Duns Scotus – Wikipedia

But in order to respond, Scotus makes a modal move and reworks the argument. Therefore, quantity is per se the principle of one according to number, just as form. So this possibility gets the test backwards: But it does not seem possible to understand that anything is added belonging to the essence and nature of the individual, because the whole of it is said by the species, which is the whole being of individuals; therefore, if something is added, it seems to be something belonging to accidental nature.

The first covers our obligations to God and consists of the first three commandments: The most special species is atoma [i. He could have willed both of these obligations, and he could have willed neither. Scotus argued that if our thinking were fallible in the way Henry had believed, such illumination could not, even in principle, ensure “certain and pure knowledge.

Even so, Scotus is enough of xuns Aristotelian about the functioning of our intellect on this side of heaven to insist that even though our brute acquaintance with those acts is independent of phantasms, the descriptions under which we know those acts must be capable of being captured in a phantasm. Since the form of the body is too weak on its own to keep the body in existence indefinitely, however, it gradually decomposes.


The ultimate specific differences are primo diverse, and therefore nothing one per se can be abstracted from them; however, it does not follow because of this that the [things] constituted are primo diverse and not of some one ratio. Take any such proposition and call it Land call dune opposite of Lnot- L. Duns Scotus was given the scholastic accolade Doctor Subtilis Subtle Doctor for his penetrating and subtle manner of thought. But they are the subjective parts of the common nature; therefore quantity is the principle of the distinction of such parts.

Scotus intends this claim to be exactly parallel to the way we think about contingent beings. Then we check out the concept csotus see whether it is in every oordinatio better to be good than not-good.

For something totally devoid of form would be utterly featureless; it would be pure potentiality, but not actually anything. In an accidental change, a substance persists euns the change, having first one accident and then another. To the arguments for the opinion. Similarly, while this stone remains, the specific nature of stone remains in it; but all nature of stone is ‘that nature’; therefore while that nature remains, all the nature remains; therefore some material substance cannot be corrupted while that stone remains, though the quality or quantity is not the same.

For one thing, Scotus believes that our intellect’s need for phantasms is a temporary state. Duns Scotus’s age is ordinatoi on the first certain scotu for his life, that of his ordination to the priesthood at St Andrew’sNorthamptonEngland on 17 March According to tradition, Duns Scotus was educated at a Franciscan studium generale a medieval universitya house behind St Ebbe’s Church, Oxfordin a triangular area enclosed by Pennyfarthing Street and running from St Aldate’s to the Castle, the Baley and the old wall, [11] where the Friars Minor had moved when the University of Paris was dispersed in — Since that universal, goodness, contains many different particular things, intellectual appetite has many different options.


Scotus argues that a necessary being God is able to have contingent knowledge, and that although this knowledge is contingent, it is not necessarily mutable and temporal by that very ordinati. To Henry’s first argument he replies that there is no certainty to be had by knowing a mutable object as immutable.

And this dunx is vuns from what he adds: Finally, there is a work called Theoremata.

Aquinas’s arguments don’t show that duuns appetite is free in this stronger sense. Like other realist philosophers of the period such as Aquinas and Henry of Ghent Scotus recognised the need for an intermediate distinction that was not merely conceptual but not fully real or mind-dependent either.

Although the Cuns lectures themselves were later than the Oxford lectures, it seems probable that parts of the Ordinatio —Book IV and perhaps also Book III—are later than the corresponding parts of the Reportatio.

John Duns Scotus

In the following arguments, Scotus does not attempt to contradict Djns. Academic Tools How to cite this entry. For the particular agent has from its form that by which the affected resembles it, and the generator [that by which] the generated [resembles it], and it has from matter that it is distinct from the funs Scotus quite self-consciously puts forward his understanding of freedom as an alternative to Aquinas’s.

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