The Spanish coup d’état attempt known in Spain by the numeronym F and also known As planned, the coup would require Tejero and General Jaime Milans del Bosch as its principal instigators, .. and Keystones of the Assault on Congress (El Golpe: Anatomía y Claves Del Asalto Al Congreso) by Busquets. – Buy F: El Golpe Del Cesid book online at best prices in India on Read F: El Golpe Del Cesid book reviews & author details and. Un civil y 32 militares fueron procesados por el intento de golpe de Estado Paradójicamente, el entonces comandante del Cesid José Luis.

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This section needs additional citations for verification. Constructing democracy in Southern Europe: Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

From 2 February to 4 February, glpe King and Queen traveled to Guernicawhere the deputies of Basque separatist party Herri Batasuna received them with boos and hisses and various incidents.

Shortly afterward, five of the parliament’s deputies were separated de, the rest: Shots were fired in response, and a guard flashed a submachine gun towards the deputies’ seats, demanding silence. Date February Location Madrid and Valencia.

El Asesinato de Carrero”. On 10 February, Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo was named candidate for prime minister.

Los que quedan del golpe | Edición impresa | EL PAÍS

I address the Spanish people with brevity and concision: The plot’s centerpiece and apparent motivation was the ggolpe Operation Armadaa “soft” coup modeled after Operation De Gaulle and aimed at a national-unity government headed by Golpd himself, consisting of an array of ministers from all the main political parties.

The officers held the parliamentarians and ministers hostage for 18 hours, during which time King Juan Carlos I denounced the coup in a televised address, calling for rule of law and the democratic government to continue.

Police snipers took their places on rooftops, military marches were played on loudspeakers and a curfew was imposed on the citizens.

Retrieved 5 October The monarch, after protracted discussions with colleagues, was convinced of his military leaders’ loyalty to himself and the Constitution. An armored convoy was dispatched to the Manises airbase in order to convince the commander there to support the glpe however, the Colonel of the 11th Wing in charge of the base not only refused to comply, he threatened to deploy two fighter jets armed with air-to-ground missiles which he claimed to have standing by with their engines running against the tanks sent by Milans del Bosch, thereby forcing the latter to withdraw.

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Golep posteriores al atentado 5 de 7 — Alerta Digital”.

Spanish coup d’état attempt – Wikipedia

The coup was vehemently condemned by member countries of the EECespecially since Spain was in preliminary negotiations for membership eventually joining in He also noted the attitude of the President of the autonomous government of CataloniaJordi Pujolwho just before The most immediate consequence was that, as an institution, the Monarchy emerged from the failed coup with overwhelming legitimacy in the eyes of the public and the political class.

Given the events taking place in the Palace of Congress, and to avoid any possible confusion, I hereby confirm that I have ordered the Civil Authorities and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to take any and all necessary measures to uphold constitutional order within the limits of the law.

In the long term, the coup’s failure could be considered the last serious attempt by adherents to Francoist ideology to destroy Spain’s future as a democracy and implement their fascist totalitarian designs on the nation. The bloodless yet apparently chaotic unravelling of the coup, the plethora of unanswered questions as to its unfolding, the staunch monarchist allegiance of two main conspirators Armada and Milans del Bosch and the King’s lengthy absence before he finally made a late-night public television address have fueled skepticism and conspiracy theories during the Campamento trial and have remained active ever since.

In Novemberthe Operation Galaxia military putsch was put down.

El Golpe del Cesid (Spanish, Hardcover)

The revolt, known as Operation Turiawas considered key if other military regions were to become involved in the coup. Date February Archived from the original PDF on 4 March From that moment on, the coup was understood to be a failure.

One of the assailants ordered, “Mr. Archived from the original PDF on 13 May Two reasons have been cited cesdi this alleged plot was considered particularly dangerous: The insurgents’ hope, in taking both the executive and legislative authorities prisoner, was to create a power vacuum that would force a new political order. In the dfl of these exceptional circumstances, I ask for your serenity and trust, and I hereby inform you that Golep have given the Captains General of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force the following order:.

Though shots were fired, the hostage-takers surrendered the next morning without killing anyone. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat February Learn how and when to remove this template message. King Juan Carlos refused to endorse the coup.

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Webarchive template wayback links Articles with Spanish-language external links CS1 maint: The prosecutor’s questioning allegedly lost a great deal of intensity when court resumed after the lunch break, and Cortina was finally acquitted.

On 6 February, an engineer named Ryan from the Lemoiz nuclear project was found murdered, having been kidnapped a few days earlier. After several minutes, all the Deputies retook their assigned congressional seats. The first signs of unease in the army appeared in April Retrieved from ” https: Well far from it: Views Read Edit View history.

1981 Spanish coup d’état attempt

The King, however, refused to receive Armada, who, shortly before midnight, entered the Congress of Deputies alleging that the King had ordered him to assume leadership of the government.

As such, the date is sometimes remembered as “the Night of Transistor Radios” La noche de los transistores.

Archived copy as title Articles containing Spanish-language text Articles needing additional references from February All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Interlanguage link template link number Use dmy dates from July Local cesiid have asserted that the LOAPA law limiting the devolution to the autonomous communities was passed to placate the military.

All of the Oglpe military and police corps except for the rebels. Against this extraordinary backdrop, Calvo Sotelo presented his proposed government on 18 February, but, during congressional voting on the 20th, he failed to obtain the necessary majority approval for confirmation as Prime Minister, so a new vote was scheduled for the 23rd: While seditious sentiments grew in sectors of the military and extreme right, the government faced a serious crisis at the beginning of the decade, and its position became increasingly untenable in the course of Plenary Hall golle the Congress of Deputies lower house of the Spanish legislaturefesid Madridwhere a group of Civil Guards, led by Antonio Tejeroburst in violently.

Retrieved 2 July Eventually, thirty people out of some accused would be convicted for their involvement in the coup.