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With reference to the contemporary United States at the time of writing he points out, “In58 per cent of all black families in the United States were headed by a single woman and 70 per cent of all children were born to single mothers,” [26] and “In 15 per cent of what was proportionally the largest prison population in the world — prisoners perpopulation — were said to be mentally ill.

It bteve a central thesis of Hobsbawm’s book that, from the start, State Socialism betrayed the socialist and internationalist vision it claimed to uphold.

Speaking of the future himself, Hobsbawm largely confines himself to predicting continued turmoil: Similarly, “Brazil, a monument to social neglect, had a GNP per capita almost two-and-a-half as large as Sri Lanka inand over six times as large at the end of the 80s.

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Hobsbawm goes on to write that “The cultural revolution of the latest twentieth century can thus best be understood as the triumph of the individual over society, or rather, the breaking of the threads which in the past had woven human beings into social textures” [34] and evokes this as paralleling Margaret Thatcher ‘s claim that ‘There is no society, only individuals’. The Soviet view was that, both internationally and within each country, post-war politics should continue within the framework of the all-embracing anti-fascist alliance Articles lacking reliable references from August All articles lacking reliable references.

The historian cannot but note that the two attitudes are contradictory. He finds damning statistics to back up his claim of the total failure of state socialism to promote the general welfare: There is no doubt that Stalin meant all this seriously, and tried to prove it by dissolving the Comintern inand the Communist Party of the United States in The Russian Revolution of was not the revolution of the most advanced capitalist societies predicted by Karl Marx.

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In Sri Lanka, which had subsidized basic foodstuffs and given free education and health care until the later s, the average newborn could expect to live several years longer than the average Brazilian, and to die as an infant at about half the Brazilian rate inat a third of the Brazilian rate in The Age of Extremes: The Bolsheviksdiscovering these sensitive documents in the Tsarist archives, had promptly published them for the world to read.

On the other hand, he is no friend of the Maoist doctrine of ill revolution: A militant of the group involved in this mission eventually became prime minister of Israel: Ultimately, in world terms, he sees capitalism being just as hobbsawm of a failure as state socialism: Socialism, Hobsbawm argues, ultimately fell because, eventually, ” According to official Chinese statistics, the country’s population in was In fact it was In particular, State Socialism always dispensed with the democratic element of the socialist vision: In it, Hobsbawm comments on what he sees as the disastrous failures of state socialismcapitalismand nationalism ; he offers an equally skeptical take on the progress of the arts and changes in society in the latter half of the twentieth century.

Charles Maier

Hobsbawm points out the abysmal record of recent attempts to predict the world’s future. Hobsbawm calls the period from the start of World War I to the fall of the so-called Soviet bloc ” the short twentieth century secopo, to follow on ” the long 19th century “, the period from the start of the French Revolution in to the start of World War I inwhich he covered in an earlier trilogy of histories The Age of Revolution: Togliatti withdraw the suggestion that, perhaps, social-democracy was not the primary danger, at least in Italy.

As Hobsbawm puts it, “Capitalism had proved far easier to overthrow where it was weak or barely existed than in its heartlands. Please help improve it by replacing them with more appropriate citations to reliable, independent, third-party sources. As for support for international revolution, “The communist revolutions actually made Yugoslavia, Albania, hobsabwm China were made against Stalin’s advice.

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The only thing uncertain about them is where they will lead,” [3] and expressing the view that “If humanity is to have a recognizable future, it cannot be by prolonging the past or the present.

Il secolo breve : Eric J. Hobsbawm :

This article may rely excessively on sources too closely associated with the subjectpotentially preventing the article from being verifiable and neutral. In one of his few more concrete predictions, he writes that “Social distribution and not growth would dominate the politics of the new millennium. Hobsbawm often uses statistics to paint a broad picture of a society at a particular time. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

This was largely a reaction against the secret treaties arranged among the Allies during the war What made such deaths symbolic was that youth, which io represented, was impermanent by definition. Europe,The Age of Capital: None of this throws Hobsbawm into the embrace of free-market capitalism: Hobsbawm also comments on popular culture, a subject he has left alone in other books.

The percentage of illiteracy in was about twice as great in Brazil as on the Erif island.

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However, he does use youth culture as a lens to view the changes in the late-twentieth-century social order:. This page was last edited on 13 Greveat Hobsbawm has very mixed feelings about the end of the nineteenth-century imperial order, largely because he is no happier with the nation-states that replaced the empires.

The great [Chinese] famine ofprobably the greatest famine of the twentieth century: