Pour les mathématiciens de théorie spectrale par contre l’équation de Dirac Nous allons étudier un cas particulier, simple, où le “remplissage” du formalisme. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Champ Moyen Nucléaire dans le formalisme de Dirac | P. P. Chomaz: président du jury M. J.-F. Berger: rapporteur . Guy Laville que, dans tout le présent travail, il n’y a pas de “corrections”, de les équations de Maxwell dans le même formalisme que l’équation de Dirac.

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The Dirac equation as a path to the concept formslisme quanta, and its role in quantum electrodynamics Mario Bacelar Valente Abstract. Since the Pauli exclusion principle forbids electrons from occupying the same state, any additional electron would be forced to occupy a positive-energy eigenstate, and positive-energy electrons would be forbidden from decaying into negative-energy dw.

Quantum Mechanics – Springer. According to the postulates of quantum mechanics, such quantities are defined by Hermitian operators that act on the Hilbert space of possible states of a system. Please direct questions, comments or concerns to feedback inspirehep. Frmalisme Course in Mathematical Physics, Vol. This accomplishment has been described as fully on a par with the works of NewtonMaxwelland Einstein before him.

Applying again the matrix operator on both sides yields.

The appearance of something so seemingly abstract, at such a late date, and in such a direct physical manner, is one of the most remarkable chapters in the history of physics.

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A second application of the Dirac operator will now reproduce the Pauli term exactly as before, because the spatial Dirac matrices multiplied by ihave the same squaring and commutation properties as the Fomalisme matrices. Geschichte der Physikalischen Begriffe – B. Methods of Modern Mathematical Physics, Vol. Courbage et Eyrolles, Paris The eigenvalues of these operators are then the possible results of measuring the corresponding physical quantity.

Mathematics and its Applications Vol. Dirac further reasoned that if the negative-energy eigenstates are incompletely filled, each unoccupied eigenstate — called a hole — would behave like a positively charged particle.

Lecture Notes and Supplements in Physics Vol.

Dirac equation

Assuming the field is weak and the motion of the electron non-relativistic, we have the total energy of the electron approximately equal to its rest energyand the momentum going over to the classical value. Chapman and Hall, London B.

In other projects Wikiquote. This immediately explained the appearance of two-component wave functions in Pauli’s phenomenological theory of spinsomething that up until then had been regarded as mysterious, even to Pauli himself. Dirac, who had just then been intensely involved with working xe the foundations of Heisenberg’s matrix mechanicsimmediately understood that these conditions could be met if ABC and D are matriceswith the implication that the wave function has multiple components.

New matrices are introduced as follows:. To cope with this problem, Dirac introduced the hypothesis, known as hole theorythat the vacuum is the many-body quantum state in which all xirac negative-energy electron eigenstates are occupied.

The Dirac equation in the algebra of physical space uses a Clifford algebra over the didac numbers, a type of geometric algebra. Aspects of Quantum Theory – On bras and kets, in A.

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Quantum Physics – Wiley. In the new frame, remembering that the rest mass is a relativistic scalar, the Dirac equation will then take the form. Modern Quantum Mechanics – Addison-Wesley. Since they exist, we cannot simply ignore them, for once we include the interaction between the electron and the electromagnetic field, any electron placed in a positive-energy eigenstate would decay into cormalisme eigenstates of successively lower energy. Standard Model Quantum electrodynamics Electroweak interaction Quantum chromodynamics Higgs mechanism.

This also was a great triumph for the new equation, as it traced the mysterious i that appears in it, and the necessity of a complex wave function, back to the geometry of spacetime through the Dirac algebra.

[quant-ph/] Formalisme de Dirac et surprises mathematiques en mecanique quantique

Quantum electrodynamics Electroweak interaction Quantum chromodynamics Higgs mechanism. Since both may be specified more or less arbitrarily, the wave function cannot maintain its former role of determining the probability density of finding the electron in a given state of motion.

Lectures on Quantum Mechanics – Benjamin. Foundations of Quantum Mechanics – Addison-Wesley. It is interpreted as a superposition of a spin-up electron, a spin-down electron, a spin-up positron, and a spin-down positron see below for further discussion. Easily, in few clicks.