Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah.
|Published (Last):||27 August 2015|
|PDF File Size:||5.98 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.92 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Dynamics in a Global Context. This article has multiple issues.
Ali then transferred his capital from Medina to Kufathe Muslim garrison city in what is now Iraq. Hold to khupfa and stick fast to it.
What is difference between Khulfa-e-rashideen and Sahaba? – Islam Stack Exchange
Arab Renaissance House — Beirut, Lebanon. At first it was Umar who introduced these reforms on strong bases, his successor Uthman who himself was an intelligent businessman, further reformed them.
The strongest corps, and the primary force of the Muslims, was the corps of Khalid ibn al-Walid. Is the fifth one included in that thirty-year caliphate?
The Rashidun army maintained a very high level of discipline, strategic prowess and organization, along rashieen motivation and self initiative of the officer corps. These devastating defeats ended Persian control over Iraq. That was an economic measure which contributed to the prosperity of the people at lot. Non-Muslims may serve in the majlis, though they may not vote or serve as an official.
Of all people, you respect those who are most obedient to Allah and who fear Him the most. The Rashidun army was divided into the two basic categories, infantry and light cavalry.
Walid bin Hisham suggested that like the Byzantines separate departments of treasury and accounts should be set up. Some modern interpretations of the role of the Majlis al-Shura include those by Islamist author Sayyid Qutb and by Taqiuddin al-Nabhanithe founder of a transnational political movement devoted to the revival of the Caliphate.
raahideen Ali was from the Banu Hashim clan the same clan as Muhammad of the Quraish tribe, and he was the cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad khhulfa had been one of his companions from the inception of his mission. Al-Mawardi also said in emergencies when there is no caliphate and no majlis, the people themselves should create a majlis, lhulfa a list of candidates for caliph, then the majlis should select from the list of candidates.
The regular annual allowance was given only to the urban population, because they formed the backbone of the state’s economic resources. Soon thereafter, Ali dismissed several provincial governors, some of whom were relatives of Uthman, and replaced them with rxshideen aides such as Malik al-Ashtar and Salman the Persian.
You were the first of your people to embrace Islam, and you were the most sincere of them in your faith. Also of note, one of the praiseworthy names of the righteous khalifah ‘Umar ibn Abdil Azeez, the grandson of ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab, is “the fifth righteous khalifah. Abu Bakra close companion of Muhammad from the Banu Taym clan, was elected the first Rashidun leader and began the conquest of the Arabian Peninsula.
They also possessed spears and daggers. The importance of this is premised by the following verses of the Qur’an:.
In times of hardship, you were truly a good and noble Companion of his. The army was pulled out of Nubia without any success. Khalid then moved towards the south, and conquered the city of Ein ul Tamr after the Battle of ein-ul-tamr in the last week of July You were the closest companion and friend of the Messenger of Allah salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ; you were a comfort to him; you were the one he trusted most. Later commentators explain this as a common-sense precaution against over-extension of his forces.
The weak and humble you have always treated as strong and honorable, making sure you gave them what was rightfully theirs. Bosra was not ready for rashidene surprise attack and siege, and thus surrendered after a brief siege in July see Battle of Bosrathis effectively ending the Dynasty of the Ghassanids.
According to some sources, the Persian losses were 20, and the Arabs lost 10, men. After clarifying any possible errors in pronunciation or dialects, Uthman sent copies of the sacred rashiden to each of the Muslim cities and garrison towns, and destroyed variant texts.
The First Ten Steps illustrated ed. And Allah sw knows best. History of Islam in southern Italy. Abu Bakr Al-Baqillani has said that the leader of the Muslims simply should be from the majority. Rasyideen truce that followed allowed a short respite, and made it possible for Constans II to hold on to the western portions of Armenia.
September Learn how and when to remove this template message. I have sent you as leaders instead, so that the people may follow your example.
Sahaba refers to all the the companions of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wassalam. That matter had already been decided at Ghadir Khumm.
Ali then transferred his capital from Medina to Kufaa Muslim garrison city in current-day Iraq. Muhammad, Messenger of God. Then the clan of Abu Bakr, and in third place the clan of Umar. The city surrendered to Khalid. Abu Bakr ordered Khalid, who by now was planning to attack Ctesiphonto march from Iraq to Syria with half of his army.
These included Kufa, Basra, and Fustat. During the conquest of Egypt the area of Fustat was used by the Muslim army as a base. The treaty stated that Mu’awiya would not name a successor during his reign, and that he would let the Islamic World choose the next leader This treaty would later be broken by Mu’awiya as he names his son Yazid I successor. On the other hand, Usama ibn Zaid got