In , Sir Thomas Gray, a Northumbrian knight and constable of Norham castle , was ambushed and captured by the Scots. Imprisoned in Edinburgh castle. 13 Sep Abstract. Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica is almost unique amongst medieval English chronicles in having been written by a knight, and it is. Thomas Gray in the ‘ Scalacronica,’ and now trans lated by the Right Hon. Sir Herbert Maxwell, Bart., continued. THE King being eager for arms and glory, and .

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The Scalacronica of Sir Thomas Gray

John [Perth] for the use of Robert de Bruce from William Oliphant, captain [thereof] for the King of England, being at that time an adherent of his [Edward’s], although shortly after he deserted him, the said Robert marched in force before the castle of Stirling, where Philip de Moubray, knight, having command of the said castle for the King of England, made terms with the said Robert de Bruce to surrender the said castle, which he had besieged, unless he [de Moubray] should be relieved: The castles of Roxburgh and Edinburgh were captured and dismantled, which castles were in the custody of foreigners, Roxburgh [being] in charge of Guillemyng Fenygges, a knight of Burgundy, from whom James de Douglas captured the said castle upon the night of Shrove Tuesday, the said William being slain by an arrow as he was defending the great tower.

Email alerts New issue alert. The inner bailey and the keep held out. John Comyn, at that time Guardian of Scotland, was in the forest of Ettrick with a great force of armed men, perceiving the presence of the said Hugh at Melrose in the village, attacked him by night and broke open the gates, and, while the English in the abbey were formed up and mounted on their horses in the court, they [the Scots? It was said that he suspected him [Peres] because he was too outspoken, believing him nevertheless to be English at heart, doing his best not to give him [Bruce] offence.

The first four rungs represent the four historians, Walter of OxfordBedeRanulf Higden and John of Tynemouthwhose work is to be the inspiration for the first four parts of the book, while the fifth rung represents the future. King Edward marched forward and kept the feast of Christmas [] at Linlithgow, then rode throughout the land of Scotland, and marched to Dunfermline, where John Comyn perceiving that he could not withstand the might of the King of England, rendered himself to the King’s mercy, on condition that he and all his adherents should regain all their rightful possessions, and they became again his [Edward’s] lieges; whereupon new instruments were publicly executed.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Then he set forward at great speed, having of common people and others, scarcely more than sixty all told. The said King Edward [the First] went to Scotland, invested the castle of Carlaverock and took it, after which siege William Wallace was taken by John de Menteith near Glasgow and brought before the King of England, who caused him to be drawn and hanged in London. This abstract has proven useful as the original manuscript currently lacks part of the material for the years andand all the material from tothe years in which the author himself had direct experience of events.

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It would be too lengthy a matter to relate [all] the combats and deeds of arms and evils for default of provender, and sieges which happened to him during the eleven years that he remained [there] during such an evil and disastrous period for the English.

The said Peter became Scots in the service of Robert de Bruce, who afterwards accused him of scalacronics, and caused him to be hanged and drawn. Masters thesis, Durham University. The said Thomas de Gray was twice besieged in the said castle: This is a period of sixty-odd years, for it includes the life of his father, also a Sir Thomas.

Scalaceonica had not more than six-and-twenty men-at-arms with him, and perceived that he could not avoid an encounter. As those who had the King’s rein were thus drawing him always forward, one of them, Giles de Argentin, a famous knight who had lately come over sea from the wars of the Emperor Henry of Luxemburg, said to the king: To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. They evacuated it [the forecourt] and burnt it, after failing to mine it.

Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica: a medieval chronicle and its historical and literary context

It becomes really valuable when he gets to his own time, or, rather, to the time of which he had authoritative knowledge. Then, turning rein, came back in the same manner and. Another time there happened a disaster on the marches at Berwick, by treachery of the false traitors of the marches, where was slain Robert de Neville; which Robert shortly before had slain Richard fitz Marmaduke, cousin of Robert de Bruce, on the old bridge of Durham, because of a quarrel between them [arising] out of jealousy which should be reckoned the greater lord.

John Comyn with his adherents made a night attack upon the said John de Segrave and discomfited him in the darkness; and his advanced guard, which was encamped at a distant place, were not aware of his defeat, therefore they came in the morning in battle array to the same place where they had left their commander overnight, intending to do their devoir, where they were attacked and routed by the numbers of Scots, and Rafe the Cofferer was there slain.

The enemy did not remain there more than three days, because they feared the attack of the said Thomas, who was then returning from the south, where he had been at that time. Spectator Archive by Netcopy. John Leland made, it is true, an epitome, but this is of the baldest kind,—it gives sir lines to the battle.

He became Earl of Menteith by consent of his niece, daughter of his elder brother, who, after his death at another time, became countess. He was twice provisioned by the Lords de Percy and de Neville, [who] came in force to relieve the said castle; and these [nobles] became wise, noble and rich, and were of great service on the Marches. The constable, Roger de Horsley, lost there scalacroniva eye by an arrow. I am not accustomed to fly, nor am I scaalacronica to begin now. May I deny my God if I do not rescue your person, alive or dead, or perish in the attempt!


William Oliphant, a young Scottish bachelor, caused Stirling Castle to be garrisoned, not deigning to consent to John Comyn’s conditions, but claiming to hold from the Lion. They captured and killed many; many horses lay dead, so that had they [the English] been on horseback, scarcely one would have escaped.

At the same period the said James de Douglas, with the assistance of Patrick, Earl of March, captured Berwick from the English, by means of the treason of one in the town, Peter de Spalding.

Thomas de Gray, the constable, went with his garrison to his barriers, saw the enemy near drawn up in order of battle, looked behind him, and beheld the said knight, William Marmion, approaching on foot, all glittering with gold and silver, marvelous finely attired, with the helmet on his head. Another time, on a market day, the town being full of people from the neighbourhood, Alexander Frisel, who was an adherent of Robert de Bruce, was ambushed with a hundred men-at-arms about half a league from the said castle, having sent others of his people to rifle a hamlet on the other side of the castle.

They repulsed the mounted enemy, raised the fallen knight, remounting him upon his own horse, put the enemy to flight, [of whom] some were left dead in the first encounter, [and] captured fifty valuable horses. Citing articles via Google Scholar. So, with the approval of his people, he took the road straight towards the ambush, scalacronnica given his grooms sdalacronica standard and ordered them to follow behind at not too short interval.

It was started whilst he was imprisoned by the Scots in Edinburgh Castleafter being captured in an ambush in Octoberand completed in England after his release. Page 25, 13 July — Scalacronica. An analysis of this passage reveals much about Gray’s learning and his methods as a historian – and about his sczlacronica pretensions.

Furthermore, both the father and son were prominent in the administration of the Marches, so the Scalacronica has an obvious – but hitherto unrecognised – relevance to current historiographical debates on the role of the gentry.

John [Perth], and the corpse of Roger de Mowbray was brought on a litter before the judges in the Parliament of Scone, and condemned. Deposit Guide Policies About. As the scalacroniica Gray was close to the court of Edward II, his son’s political commentary is particularly interesting, providing an alternative to the more usual pro-Lancastrian bias of medieval chroniclers.

They directed their course boldly upon the English army, which had been under arms all night, with their horses bitted.